Management: Introduction to Computer 2
A computer can be defined as an electronic device, which manipulates data or information and has the capability and ability to process, store, and retrieve data. It can be used for document typing, internet searching, surfing, and emailing. Computer can also be used in handling accounting, spreadsheets, database management, games, and presentations. The development and production of the present-day computer is credited to the result of advances and progress in technologies and need for quantification. Abacus, which was one of the first counting machines, paved the way for the production and manufacture of computer (Kopplin, 2002).
The first freely coded and programmable computer was invented in the year 1936, since then, different men and women have come up with new diverse researches, opinions, and finds that has propelled computers to their current state of functionality. There are many pioneers in this field, but in this paper, I am going to write a biographical piece of William Henry Bill Gates, as one of the key contributor, to the development and advancement in computers.
William Henry Bill Gates otherwise commonly known simply as Bill gates is known worldwide as the founder of Microsoft. He was born on 28 October 1955 in Seattle, Washington in the United States of American to William H. Gates, Sr. and Mary Maxwell Gates (Burlingame, 2004, p178). He is an accomplished philanthropist, business magnate, author, and the chairperson of Microsoft foundation. He founded the software foundation and company with Paul Allen, who is also elite in the world of computers. Bill Gates is enjoyed a consistent ranking as one of the world’s richest people, who stood as the wealthiest from the year 1995 to 2009. In the course of his career and operations at Microsoft, Bill Gates held both the Chief Executive Officers (CEO) positions and the chief software architect’s position. He has also holds the largest shares of more than 8% of common stock in the company. Bill is not only a computer gig, but is also known to have coauthored or author several computer and leadership books.
Bill Gates has grown to transform into one of the best-known and world leading entrepreneurs of a self-initiative computer revolution project. Although many admire him, a number of business and company insiders have rose up to criticize his tactics in business (Schuman, 2001, p. 100). In these present and later stages of his momentous career, Bill has played a key role in the aid and donation sector. He has involved himself in a series of philanthropic endeavors, contributing and donating hefty amounts of cash to a number of orphanages in Africa, charitable organizations and schools and scientific research programs in various institutes through his Foundation, which was established in the year 2000. In January of the same year, he stepped down as the CEO of Microsoft, but remained as chairperson and chief software architect of the company. Gates announced his intentions of him relieving himself from full-time job to a part time one at the company (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation) in June 2006. He slowly relinquished his duties and tasks as chief software architect to Ray Ozzie, and appointed Craig Mundie as strategy and chief research officer. He stopped his full-time day duties at Microsoft on 27 June 2008, but he remains and acts as a non-executive chairperson of the Microsoft Company (Solomon, 2009, p. 29).
Bill Gates was born and raised in an upper middle class family. His dad was an established lawyer, and his mother was a member of the board of directors for the United Way and First Interstate BancSystem. In his early life, his parents had a law career option for him in mind. When he was 13 years, his parents enrolled him in an executive preparatory school known as the Lakeside School. During his eighth grade, a Club (Mothers Club) at his school bought for the school’s students a block of computer time on a General Electric (GE) computer an ASR-33 Teletype terminal. Gates developed an interest in the General Electronic (GE) system programming and got an exemption from mathematics classes to study and pursue the subject of his interest. Deploying all his energy and skill to the interest, he managed to write his first running computer program on the GE machine. It was a tic-tac-toe implementation, which allowed operators to play games on the computer, against the computer. He was greatly fascinated by his writing and the machine because of the perfect execution of software code. Upon the exhaustion of Mothers Club’s donation, Gates and other students searched for time on other systems such as DEC PDP minicomputers. Later on during the studies, one of the systems providers (PDP-10) banned Gates and other students from Lakeside school, from using it services, because they were caught exploiting bugs installed in the computer’s operating system to gain access to free computer time.
After the ban, Gates chose to go to CCC’s offices to study the source code for different programs that operated on the system, including machine language, FORTRAN, and LISP programs. He continued with the CCC’s arrangement until the year 1970, when the company collapsed. Information Sciences, Inc. hired four of the best Lakeside students to help it in the writing of programs for payroll in COBOL. It provided them with computer royalties and time. Gates good work and abilities, earned him recognition amongst many people in the business. His administrators had much delight and assurance in him that they gave him the opportunity to write the school’s computer program that would schedule students’ in classes. He took up the task and executed it perfectly. At age 17, he ventured into writing traffic counters programs for Traf-O-Date. The programs were based on the processor, Intel 8008 and he did the work with some help from Allen, a coworker at the company. Gate’s overwhelming good work managed to earn him a service as a congressional page in the United States House of Representatives in early 1973.
Computers and Technology Today Essay
700 Words3 Pages
Technology today adds much advancement to our everyday lives. We drive fast cars. Talk on the phone, organizing meetings, and catching up with old friends, or the friend you are on your way to go see. The technology we use today has made us as a human race really reliant on how it makes our lives easier. Through much advancement in the technology and how it makes our lives easier, it also makes them more difficult. When something breaks we are unable to fix it, and have to take the object to go get fixed and it normally costs a lot more to fix a higher technology item. Also, when you take it to get fixed you will most likely be without that item for a good period of time. So if you “need” your cell phone, pager,…show more content…
We now have the World Wide Web, which allows people from allover the work to connect together and search anything they desire. You are able to keep you personal finances on a program that not only keeps track of them for you, it also helps you organize and complete tasks in finance that would normally take forever and cut that time down immensely. You are able to type professional looking papers that are not hard to read because of bad hand writing. You are also able to save a great amount of time by typing and not having to deal with the troubles of rewriting if you make a mistake. There are programs that allow you to listen to music let and write your own CDs, which save you money at the music store.
But with all the advancements that make our lives easier, the computer can also be intimidating and frustrating as well. Since, the computer is one of the most advanced technological items we use everyday when it breaks , our lives seem to stop. If you have a deadline for a paper whether it be for a job of school, you nightmare is your computer breaking. Or even worse crashing. Not only does it take time to fix the computer when it breaks, it takes a good amount of money too. People rely on the computer too much not to fail, and when it does all your work is inaccessible until the computer works again, and you are unable to do all the duties which require a